Why Is High Blood Pressure Bad?
If your blood pressure remains continuously high and you are a patient of uncontrolled hypertension, it can be quite disastrous for your body and in severe cases, can be fatal. Hypertension has been termed “silent killer” by experts as it has no evident symptoms that signal the onset of this disease or let you know that you are suffering from it. High blood pressure can damage your kidneys, heart, arteries, skeletal system, and sexual reproduction organs and affect the circulation of blood.
The most common health consequences caused by this disease are angina, vision loss, stroke, peripheral artery disease, kidney damage, erectile dysfunction, severe damage to coronary artery and heart. This consequently, gives rise to heart attack, aortic dissection, congestive heart failure, heart diseases, atherosclerosis; memory loss and lungs filled up with fluid.
Many patients whose blood pressure readings exceed 140/90 mmHg where 140 s the systolic pressure and 90 is the diastolic pressure, are seen suffering from major cardiovascular problems.
If you are a patient of other problems such as obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, physical inactivity or you are aging, there is a huge risk of high blood pressure. Similarly, hypertension is common among male gender and especially among smokers. These problems are genetically transferred as well. With extra care and precautions, you can easily prevent the worst case scenario and stay protected from the dangers of hypertension.
High Blood Pressure And Heart Attack
One of the most common aftermaths of high blood pressure is heart attack. This disease is associated with the blood thus, directly linked to circulation and heart. Hypertension is one of the most dangerous disorders and it can prove to be fatal. It puts your arteries and heart through major risks and increases the workload on them, causing stress in your body.
Basically, high blood pressure causes damage to the walls of arteries. During blood circulation, the force that is exerted on your arteries increases if you are a hypertension patient. This force is so perilous and strong that it creates tears in the walls of the arteries which cause scarring of the tissue. These microscopic tears or scars acts as lodging for various particles of cholesterol, platelets, fat and other substances. These combined accumulations are called plaque and as it gradually builds up over the time, it narrows and hardens the arteries; this gives rise to peripheral artery disease and coronary artery disease.
High blood pressure makes your arteries stiff and less elastic with continuous issues. Therefore it is important to identify the problem while it is still in the bud to avoid further complications. These hardened arteries can lead to damaged organs due to inadequate flow to the organs of the body because of damaged arteries. The organs thrive on nutrients and fresh oxygenated blood and thus, due to high blood pressure, their productivity is diminished.
Hypertension causes blood clots in arteries due to fat depositions. These clots are carried through the flowing blood in arteries and can lodge anywhere in a narrow opening. This sudden lodging can result in partial or complete blockage of blood supply to essential body parts. This creates the risk of heart attack because of blood supply failure. Due to issues in circulation, the entire circulatory system is affected which leads to heart failure.
High Blood Pressure And Kidneys
High blood pressure is dangerous for the entire body. As it greatly affects the blood circulation, it damages the organs. The blood vessels located in the kidneys are also immensely damaged because of this disease, diminishing its functions and productivity.
When the force of the blood flow is strong in the blood vessels, it causes the arteries to stretch which helps the blood flow smoothly. This stretching creates scars in the walls of the blood vessels and makes them weak. Thus eventually, the weakening of the blood vessels affects the organs, which in this case are the kidneys.
If the blood vessels of the kidney become damaged, they start functioning poorly and stop the removal of extra waste fluids from the body. This extra waste fluid then raises other dangers for the body and cause the blood pressure to become even higher.
According to statistics, high blood pressure is among the top most leading causes for kidney failure in USA. The rate of kidney failure has drastically increased from 2000 to 2010 by 7.7%.
The real question is that how would you realize if you are suffering from hypertension and your kidneys are getting affected by it. As hypertension is counted among those diseases which normally have no symptoms, it becomes a major issue when a person finds out the blood pressure issues very late. Kidney diseases also have no early symptoms except for edema, which is a type of swelling due to malfunctioning of kidney when they can’t dispose of waste fluids or salts. Besides edema, the other minor symptoms include weight loss, dry skin, chest pain, appetite loss, drowsiness, nausea, sleeping problem, darkened skin, short breaths, focus/ concentration problems, itching, vomiting, headaches etc.
The kidney disease caused due to high blood pressure is diagnosed through blood tests and urine tests after checking the readings of blood pressure. The usual systolic blood pressure for such patients is consistently above 140 and diastolic is always above 90.
High Blood Pressure And Fatigue
High blood pressure is a disease that shows no signs until you start feeling its major consequences such as kidney issues, heart diseases, fatigue and circulatory problems. The lack of the usual symptoms makes it extremely difficult to treat it right from the start and many patients don’t even realize they have hypertension till it starts showing highly dangerous effects.
High blood pressure readings are 140/90 according to American Heart Association and this blood pressure marks the requirement of a planned treatment. It has significant affect on body organs because it blocks the arteries and thus, gives rise to irregularity in blood flow. The heart cannot pump the blood efficiently due to blocked blood vessels and thus fails to pump the required amount of blood to the organs. The blood is diverted to other paths like brain and heart instead of limbs and muscles. This blockage in blood flow causes fatigue and weariness in the body. Patients start feeling unnecessarily tired and find it difficult to perform the routine chores and tasks. They have problems in walking, shopping, climbing stairs, carrying stuff such as groceries etc.
Besides tiredness in limbs, the patients also suffer from blurred vision and confusion or disorientation or nausea. This mainly depends on which organ is being affected and the extent of the damage. Such patients are advised to immediately seek treatment and medical assistance to prevent any kind of irreversible complications and for immediate diagnosis of hypertension. Doctors give the patients medicines that help to manage the tiring symptoms but many of them also produce more lethargy. Some bodies sense the reduction in the blood pressure and this causes dizziness in many patients. The body takes some time in adjusting with the normal blood pressure and then the patient feels better. Such patients should take a break from the strength requiring tasks and take rest till their body feels fit once again.