Age Related Hypertension
Normal blood pressure levels differ for different age groups. For instance, new born babies have a normal blood pressure level of 75 over 50. This level of blood pressure changes over time as the child progresses into a young adult, followed by middle age, and finally into old age.
For this reason, a blood pressure of 75 to 100 over 50 to 70 which is considered normal for new borns will be considered low enough to garner worry in young adults or middle aged people.
More specifically, the systolic blood pressure – essentially the top number on the blood pressure scale, which is a measure of the pressure being exerted on the arteries as the blood is pumped through the heart – increases with age and is a signifier of whether a person is prone to cardiovascular diseases in the future.
Diastolic blood pressure on the other hand, which is the bottom number on the blood pressure scale, represents the pressure being exerted on the arteries as they rest in between beats. As a person moves on from infancy, diastolic blood pressure increases to 60-90 from 50-70. However, as compared to systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure rises at a slower pace.
Hypertension is more common in adults rather than adoloescents and it is considered a disease rather than an illness because once a person experiences an imbalance in blood pressure levels, it’s hard to maintain a normal level of blood pressure permenantly. There is a constant struggle between the victim of abnormal blood pressure, as they attempt to maintain a normal blood pressure level, and the heart, which strives to increase the pressure of the blood flowing through the arteries.
What Causes High Blood Pressure In Young Adults?
Hypertension in young adults is unusual. This is mostly because their organs are giving their best, and therefore they do not have the worry about failing organs, either due to increased salt or increased carbohydrates diets.
What does become a reason of hypertension is the over exertion that is observed in young adults. Over exertion could be caused by staying up all night or over exertion when participating in sports while striving to become the best.
The increased anxiety, the over exertion, the sleep deprivation, all of them can combine to result in prehypertension in young adults. It is an issue because when these young adults approach older age the side effect of which is failing organs, it can combine to result in hypertension and even hypertensive crisis for these individuals.
Pregnancy is one of the leading causes of high blood pressure and most of the pregnancy cases are of women in their young adulthood. Elevated heart rate and anxiety is a definite side effect of pregnancy which are two of the leading causes of increased blood pressure.
High blood pressure can lead to an increased build up of calcium in the heart arteries which can clog the heart, leading to heart troubles and in extreme cases severe heart attack.
Alleviated blood pressure in young adults needs to be addressed immediately instead of waiting until middle age to take action for this serious consideration.
High blood pressure is a chronic illness, and its symptoms do not manifest as immediately as of other diseases. Some have called it a silent killer. However, simple diet changes can go a long way in terms of keeping the blood pressure normal.
Small lifestyle changes that require cutting down on salty foods, increasing fruits and vegetables in the diet, getting an adequate amount of sleep and exercising can prove to be remedial for elevated blood pressure.
What Causes High Blood Pressure In Middle Age?
Middle age is the time in the life of a person when the consequences of healthy living or risky living begin to manifest themselves in terms of various illnesses. One in four of the adult population in the UK suffer from mildly elevated blood pressure, whereas one in twenty middle-aged people suffer from severely elevated blood pressure.
One of the reasons why high blood pressure is common in middle-aged adults is because most of the people who suffer from diabetes start to do so at this point in life. Other grounds could include obesity, excess use of salt and alcohol, decreased use of healthy food, and exercise.
One significant element that most people with high blood pressure are found to have is an addiction to smoking. Along with lifestyle changes mentioned above, cutting down on smoking can drastically improve blood pressure levels.
Many middle-aged people suffering from cardiovascular diseases focus on treating heart problems whereas one major risk factor that causes heart problems is blood pressure itself. Studies have proven that the more blood pressure is kept normal, the more it reduces the chance of suffering from a heart stroke.
People aged 50 or above who show elevated blood pressure are also prone to changes in cognitive performance and in extreme cases dementia.
Instead of reactive measures that work only after the blood pressure levels have spiked out of control, preventive measures that deal with the problem of high blood pressure before it leads to other diseases should be taken. One important factor that can prevent elevated blood pressure later in life is caution in one’s early years.
The most appropriate way to keep hypertension at bay is maintaining a diet that constitutes of fresh fruits and vegetables, and the lifestyle that includes enough rest and exercise and weight control.
What Causes High Blood Pressure In Older Adults?
As old age approaches, an individual becomes increasingly vulnerable to cardiovascular diseases and high blood pressure. With old age, arteries become weak which predisposes them to the development of fatty plaque inside their walls, a condition known as atherosclerosis. As a result, the diameter of the lumen of arteries decreases, providing higher resistance to blood flow. To compensate, the heart pumps more blood thus elevating blood pressure.
Some elderly people, on the advice of their doctor, move to live in places with lesser pollution. Ideal locations are in areas of higher altitudes, e.g., mountainous regions. People living at higher altitudes have a higher number of red blood cells, meaning the blood is thicker, and so the flow of blood in the arteries is slow.
Finally, older people are likely to live with more tension due to various reasons that have accumulated over their lifetime. This tension increases anxiety which leads to sleep deprivation. These reasons combine to result in increased blood pressure for older people.